THE LORDSHIP OF HINTON CHARTERHOUSE
CALLED in Domesday Hantone, it was held in the reign of Edward the Confessor by Ulwen. William I gave it to Edward of Salisbury. It was a very large Manor indeed and gelded for 10 hides. There were 9 serfs, 12 villeins, 15 cottagers, and 6 ploughs. There were also 2 mills paying 34 shillings in tax and the wood, apparently, was one mile in length and half a mile in breath. Edward of Salisbury was Sheriff of Wiltshire and was one of the witnesses to William's Char~er to the great Abbey of Selby, in Yorkshire. According to tradition, Edward was standard bearer to Henry I in the 20th year of that King's reign. But this must be a mistake. We know that he was with William at Hastings in 1066 and if we assume that he was only 25 at that time he would have been 79 in 1120 when, according to this same tradition, he fought with remarkable courage at the Battle of Breneville, Nor- mandy. He was succeeded by his son, Walter, who endow~d the monastery of Bradenstoke, Wiltshire, where he took the religious . habit and died there. Again, we know that the grant to Bradenstoke was made in 1142 and we must assume that Walter was the grandson of Edward, and not the son. His son, Patrick, styled Devereux (D'Evreux), was steward of the household to the Empress Maude of Germany, only surviving child of Henry I. Although she never came to the English throne, she created Patrick Earl of Salisbury, and Hinton Charterhouse is also known as Hinton Comitis after that Earldom. The Lords of the Manor are as follows:
William bevereux (bore the Sceptre at Richard I's first coronation in 1191, he died 1198) = Eleanor de Vitry I Ela = William Longspee (natural son of Henry II by Rosamund Clifford, known as the Fair Rosamund). This William was created Earl of Salisbury; he died in 1225.
He was survived by his wife, Ela, who granted the Lordship of Hinton to the Carthusian Monks at Hinton, hence its epithet, Charterhouse. Richard II granted the monks at Hinton a hog's head of wine yearly out of Bristol and Henry V granted a charter of Free Warren. In 1534, the estates at Hinton and Norton (qv) produced an annual income of 248 19s 2d. The last prior and ecclesiastical Lord of the Manor was Edmund Hoard who, on March 31, 1540, surrendered the Lordship to Henry VIII. The King granted Hinton to John Bartlett who sold it to Matthew Colthurst whose son, Edmund, in 1579 sold it to Walter Hungerford in whose family it remained until the beginning of the 18th century when Sir Edward Hungerford sold it to Stocker Robin- son and it became the property of the present owners in the 20th century. The Lordship covers 2,471 acres and lies six miles south-east of Bath.
THE LORDSHIP OF NORTON ST. PHILIPS MARKET and FAIR CHARTER
THIS Lordship which gives its name to the village of Norton St Philip lies on the side of a hill, about a mile south of Hinton Charterhouse. . In 1752, workmen found at a depth of about 9 feet a quantity of bones of great size, presumably belonging to the Jurassic Period. The Lordship has a market and the right to a fair on May Day and another on August 29. In the reign of Edward the Confessor that King held Norton himself and its descent follows that of Hinton Charterhouse ( qv ) to the present day. Here the Priors of the Carthusian monastery had their residence. Their benefactor, William Longspee, Earl of Salisbury, bequeathed a goblet of gold set with emeralds and rubies, a jug of gold, two goblets of silver, a cope of red silk, 1000 ewes, 300 rams, 48 oxen, and 15 bulls.