There is an interesting reference to 6 houses in St. Margaret's Street and Morgan's Hill in Bradford owned by Zachariah Shrapnell(II) in 1723 which form part of his marriage settlement. He is referred to as living at that time in a new built house at Wingfield (Midway Manor) and the houses are let to John Bailward(455)Aony Sims, Sarah Hopkins, James Morris, Robert Deverall(484) Elianor Alderwick(482) Uncle, Zachaariah (I) inherits Shrapnell House (7 St. Margaret's Street) and it`s substantial grounds extending over St. Margaret's Hill in 1688 on the death of his father Henry. Shrapnel - a successful Cooper. Zachariah (I) becomes a wealthy Clothier and initially rents out parcels of ground on St. Margaret's Hill for £1 a year on 1,000 year leases from 1689 to 1698. During this time a number of gabled house are built amongst which are the 6 mentioned in the marriage settlement. The building which now is used by the firm Ourdnet (no. 5) was no doubt built by him before he died in 1723. This could well be that which is rented by the Clothier John Bailward, whose family lived at Frankley. His Will of 1743 describes him as a Gentleman of Bradford who leaves his properties to his wife Constance and then his only son John Bailward.
Will of Henry Shrapnell 1680
for Garage (484)
112/1/21 - date: 26 June 1690
1820-1936 Deeds relating to properties in Morgans Hill, Nowhere Lane and St. Margaret's
Street adjoining the Particular Baptist Chapel, Bradford-on-Avon, formerly part
of the Bishoprick estates of the Manor of Monkton Farleigh and Cumberwell
The Development of St. Margaret's Hill
In 1001A.D.Ethelred gives the Monastery and Vill of Bradford to the
Abbey of Shaftesbury. A copy of the Charter still exists and defines the boundaries
of the hundred of Bradford including the town and surrounding villages. In Domesday
Book there is a record of the lands of Humphrey de Lisle including Cumberwell,
Broughton and Castle Combe.By 1426 Holt had been granted to the Lisle family,
who held it until c.1740. The Hall Family from at least the 13th Century were
major landowners in Bradford with the Lisle's. At the close of the 15th century
(as appears by a deed dated 21st Edward iv.) Henry Hall who had lately succeeded
to the estates of his father, Nicholas Hall, had lands in Bradford, Lye, Troll
Parva, Slade, Ford, Wraxall, Holt, Broughton, Marlborough, Okeburn Maeyset, in
Wiltshire and at Freshford, Iford, Mitford, Frome, Fleete, Widcombe, Portishead,
and other places in Somerset.
Area in 1600
is situated at the tip of a wedge-shaped plot bounded by Bridge Street and St
Margaret's Street with steeply rising ground towards the rear. It is above flood
levels of the river Avon. Original Building and land purchased by Henry Shrapnell
Senior. A series of 1,000 year leases from 1690 to 1698 show that the ground was
bounded by the line of St. Margaret's Hill and could well have extended to St.
Margaret's Place (Bush's Alley) as in 1850 they still own a number of cottages
in the Square. Directly opposite was the large Prebend House with an Estate owned
by the Dean and Chapter of Bristol Cathedral from lands given by Henry Viii in
main range appears to date from about the period 1600-1620. The evidence for this
is the thickness of the exterior walls, the carpentry of the roof which is all
one build and the beam stops. The roof is a type used with early gable dormers
and these would be much larger than the present dormers. The original plan seems
to have been a kitchen at the S end with a newel stair adjoining and a beam running
N/S. Any further original partitioning of the ground floor is not easy to determine
and the remaining beams run E/W without mortices in the soffits for studs. The
large lateral stack at the rear has been much altered over the years but it straddles
the central room and the N room (see reconstruction drawing). There were first
floor and attic rooms. There were no rear extensions.
1670 a deed refers to Henry Shrapnel the younger (died 1688). Say if he was 20 then, born 1650, father born at least 1630 (died 1680).
for 1936 Schedule
St Margaret's Hill|
Deeds- earliest 1840 executors of Edward Luxford, builder. Rates 1 st February 1692 between Z. Shrapnell 1st part and George Lowell other part goes on to describe land of 105 feet on the north side ranged from westside of 16 -17 to the Orchard Wall thereof of said Z. Shrapnell (term of 1000 years) whereas by indenture of lease 5th May 1697
Z. Shrapnell 1st part and Richard Gardener other part All that new erected Messuage, tenemant 35 feet in length and 201/2 feet in breadth situate and being in Bradford adjoining to the Orchard of said Z. Shrapnell on the north- east side thereof to the way enjoyed in common between Zachariah Shrapnell and Richard Gardener and their tenants on the south & near and adjoining to the Tenement of William Wastfield an the south west side , there of and about 27 feet in length on South west Corner of said Tenement(484) & running even there with down towards the said William Wastfield's House there being only a way 6 feet wide to part the same from the ground granted to William Wastfield (489?) (No Where Lane)
Shrapnell An P. St Magdalen. Taunton A 1702 Mgr Noah Gent, Taunton. W d.1740 MON/3/B Monday Collection at S.R.S. Taunton, Parish of St. Magdalen.
1727 Thomas Burgis of Trowbridge, Richard Hawkins, Zachariah Shrapnell, late of Bradford, Clothier, Lease 5 Sept, 1692, for consideration Grant to Edward Deverell of Bradford , Rough Mason all that cottage or dwelling house, wherein he dwelt on land called "the Halfe" and 26 feet of 1/2 in length lands of Richard Gardner
Indenture made the thirteenth day of December 1915, between Arthur Edward Scrope
|I give unto my daughter Mary Deverell the wife of Anthony Deverell one shilling. I give unto the four children of my daughter Rebecca Alderwicke the sums of five shillings a year of good money. I give unto my daughter Edith Hodges, wife of John Hodges one shilling. I give unto my daughter Alice Marvin, wife of Robert Marvin one shilling And my will so that forty shillings which there fore Robert Marvin (extract from 1680 Henry Shrapnell`s Will)|
|Item I give my cousin John Bailward of Bradford aforesaid dark grey Cloth sufficient to make him a suit of Mourning - (Will of Zachariah Shrapnell 17th May1723)|
A Marriage settlement for the wedding of Zaccariah Shrapnell to Elizabeth Minifree in 1724 (W.R.O. 212b - 489)
six several messuages or tenements and premises with their appurtenances there to belonging situate and being in a street or place called St. Margaret`s Street and Morgans Hill in Bradford aforesaid and now or lately were in the Tenure or occupation of the said John Bailward, Anthony Sims, Sarah Hopkins, James Morris, Robert Deverall, and Elianor Alderwick,
of Zachariah Shrapnell 1794 |
All that Messuage or tenement near adjoining to the said Mansion House in St. Margaret's Street aforesaid with New Workshop and other Appurtenances thereunto belonging now in the Occupation and Renting of Benjamin Richardson, Cloth worker.
all that Messuage or Tenement Situate at the Bottom of a place called "Nowhere Lane" in Bradford aforesaid with the New Building adjoining and Appurtenances belonging now in the occupation and renting of Richard Sheppard
All and my said Messuages in St Margarets Street, Morgan`s Hill and Nowhere Lane in Bradford aforesaid and now in the Occupation of Renting of the widow Baily, Issac Gibbs, Thomas Brown, Dr. Browne (Apothecary) James Mead, William Gerrish, Thomas Paul John Holbrook, Widow Dicks(?)
St Margaret's St (Bindings Electic Shop)|
Owner James Batten (son of Isaac deceased) Lease & Release 13th & 14th Feb. 1824 from Rev. Zachariah Shrapnell Warren to Issac Batten & Trustee (Issaac Batten Builder. All that piece or parcel of void ground late the site of 3 messuages or tenements and garden formerly in the occupation of Thomas Brown, Widow Bayly and Issac Gibbs and afterwards of William Holbrook and William Henry (Hanny). Situate and being in St. Margaret's St in Bradford containing about 10 1/2 perches more or less, bounded northerly and by in part eastwards by a messuage cottage and premises belonging to General Shrapnell and in the occupation of William Wrightman & others. Southward and in other part towards east by a messuage, cottage and premises called "The French Horn", belonging to Samuel Provuis and in occupation of John Holby and others and Westward by St Margaret's St. William Hamilton Warren married by license to Elizabeth Shrapnel H.T. 1794, Elizabeth Shrapnell baptised 1757 daughter of Zachariah. & Lydia.
of John Hodges, father in law of William Kendall, Tenant of 6 St. Margarets St.in
the year 1715|
In the name of God amen I John Hodges of Ashley in the Parish of Bradford in the County of Wiltshire, Serge maker, being of sound and perfect mind and memory do make this my last will and Testament in manner and form following first I commit my soul unto the hands of god looking for salvation by the merits death and passion of Jesus Christ my Lord and Saviour, my Body I commit unto the earth to be decently buried at the discretion of my Executrix, limiting the expense of my funeral unto £10 , and in touching my worldly Estate I give and dispose thereof in manner and form following. Imp. I give unto my daughter Mary Kendall and her assigns all that my tiled houses at Ashley in the parish of Bradford and all that Close of Ground called House Croft and Street Closes that I purchased of the Commissioners of the Statue of Bankrupt with the Appurtenances for and during the term of 2 years after my decease and after that term then to my son John Hodges for his life if he comes personally unto Great Britain to enjoy it but in case he come not then my will is that Joseph Hodges his son shall have and enjoy it after the expiration of the said 2 years until his father comes personally as aforesaid. And also after the expiration of the said 2 years I give unto my Grandson Joseph Hodges the little Closet in the Cellar and the Cupboard and great Barrel Horse and Shelves drawers and Boiler under in the Kitchen all the shelves a board under them and the petition that makes the whitehouse all the shelves therein. I give him at the time of my decease the wrench and pan and the comb pot and one pair of Combs and my Black Coat or 5 yards of Serge or Drugett to make him one.
Item I give unto my Grandson Joseph Hodges , son of Joseph Hodges all the goods that in the two thatched houses of mine and 6 yards of Drugget to make him some cloths and in money 5 shillings and like wise I give him the bed and bedstead and the appurtenances in the cellar Chamber. Item I give unto James Hodges, son of John Hodges my Silver Tankard if he comes personally into Great Britain to demand the said Tankard, And if he comes not to demand the said Tankard I give the said Tankard to my Daughter Mary Kendall and the heirs of her body for ever Item I give to my granddaughter Martha Hodges, daughter of James Hodges and the Heirs of her body the Lords rent and the inheritances of William Harvies house for ever and in default of such heirs of her body then to Joseph Hodges , son of Joseph Hodges and his heirs for ever. Item I give unto Martha Hodges , daughter of James Hodges the house and garden that Goody Skrine lived in for her life and 6 foot broad of Ground the length of the house on the south side of him.
Item I give to the said Martha Hodges the bed and bedstead as I lent to her father and a kettle and platter and the Loom that was John Hawkins or in lieu of the loom the £3 that he owes on the said Loom and 6 yards of Druggett to make her some cloths.
Item I give her the sum of £3 when she shall come of Age and 30 shillings in household goods if the dye before then to my executrix. And after her desease I give the House that Goody Skrine lived in to Martha Kendall her heir and Assigns for ever.
Item I give to my daughter in law Mary Hodges the house that Richard Hollyday lives in on Morgans Hill during ye term of her life & the bed & bedstead and all belonging to him and the coffer and chest all in the Middle Garrett of the house I now live in for her life and 20 shillings to buy her some clothes and after her decease I give the said House to Henry Kendall & his Heirs during the whole term that is on it and also after decease I give the said goods in the middle garret to the said Henry Kendall his heirs and assigns and also I give the said Henry 6 yards of Druggett to make him a Coat and also I give him £3 in money.
Item I give to Mary Kendall, daughter of William Kendall and her assigns all that the House that George Foxell (?) lives in on Morgans Hill and backside and way there to belonging during the term that is on if thee paying the Lord sent to Mr Shrapnell and also I give to the said Mary £10 in money.
Item I give to my son in law William Kendall and Mary his wife the House that Mr Mathew Smith lives in on Morgans Hill aforesaid during their lives and the longest liver of then and after their decease then unto William Kendall their son his heirs and assigns during ye said term that is to come on it and after ye decease of William the father and Mary their mother I give to the said William Kendall the furnace and boiler of mine that is in the brewhouse thereof belonging also I give him £5 in money.
Item I give unto John Kendall , son of William Kendall the house and Garden and all the Ground below the wall, that William Kelston lives in Bearfield to him and his heirs for ever and also I give to said John the Loom that is in the said house and 40 shillings in money.
Item I give unto Edith , now daughter of the said William Kendall the House and garden that John Hawkins lives in Bearfield , and 8 foot breadth of Ground from the south side of the house ranging the whole length of the house to her for her life. And after her decease I give the said house and garden to her son William now and his heirs for ever never the less subjecting the said house and garden to be let unto the said William Kendall and Mary Kendall father and mother of the said Edith all the rent of 40 shillings per annum to be paid quarterly for as long time and term as they shall think fit to occupy the same also I give the said Edith now £5 in money. Item I give the lower part of North Close to my daughter Mary Kendall during her life.
Item I give the upper part of North Close also to my daughter Mary Kendall during her life never the less subjecting the same to the payment of 35 shillings per annum to her daughter Martha during that term and after the death of my daughter Mary the upper and lower part of North close I give to John Kendall and Mary Kendall son and daughter of said William Kendall and Mary Equally to be divided betwixt them & to their heirs and assigns for ever never the less subjecting the Upper part to the paying of 35 shillings per annum to the said Martha her heirs and assigns for ever otherwise she shall have liberty to take to the same .
Item I give to my Sister Francis Bland in money £5 and 6 yards of Black Serge to make her a Gown and to her husband Thomas Bland most part of my wearing Apparel.
Item I give to the poor of the Baptists meeting 20 shillings to be divided by the Minister .
Item I give unto my daughter Mary Kendall the bed and bedstead and all belonging to the same that I lye on for her life and after her decease to Mary Kendall her daughter and all the rest of my household goods not herein before given I give unto my grandchildren which are Mary Kendall's children to be equally divided between them after my daughter Mary Kendall decease or as they have occasion for it at the discretion of my trustees. And Whereas John Talbott doth owe now £5 on Bond my will is .. the said £5 that in case the said John Talbott shall pay a acuse to be said unto my Grandson Joseph Hodges, son of Joseph Hodges the sum of 30 shillings, and unto Joseph Hodges, son of John the sum of 30 shillings within the space of 2 years then the said Bond shall be void I do nominate and appoint my daughter Mary Kendall to be whole and sole executrix of this my last will and testatment .. Thomas Bush, John Brouse and John Willett to be Trustess of thisn my last will and Testament unto whom I do give 5 shillings appoint in Witness whereof I do hereunto lett my hand and seal this second day of January 1715, sealed, signed and published in presence of Edward Baily, Thomas Holbrook, Thomas Bush Jnr.
Quakers were at one time a numerous and influential body in Bradford. Their first
meeting-house seems to have been at Curnberwell (or rather, Frankley) now converted
into a School. They afterwards (1710) built one in the court leading out of St.
Margaret Street, and this, long disused by them, has been occupied for some years
past as a British School. [This is no longer the case.] Many notices of interment
in the " Cumberwell burial-ground" (especially in the year 1701) arc
to be seen in the Parish Begister. In the year 1660 an attack was made upon them
at Cumberwell, and one Robert Storr sent, for being concerned in it, as a prisoner
to Sarum. John Clark, a Bradford Quaker, held, in 1695, a public disputation with
a member of another section of non-conformists at Melksham, on the premises of
Thomas Bevan. William Penn was in the chair as moderator, and, after the trial
of skill had gone on for some time, closed the proceedings. Amongst the Quakers
of Bradford-on-Avon too is to be reckoned ' Joseph Yerbury,' who lived at Well-close.|
459 Four tenements, unoccupied, Jas. Marshman, John Sims, unoccupied.
1868 Fricker Purchase
occupations of Thomas Jones, Frederick King, James Holton and one void
The Area in 1600
Pam Slocombe from the Wiltshire Building Record has carried ou a thorough survey of building .Her report shows that it was built c.1600 and extended a further 6 feet nearer no 5 St. Maragetrets Street. The present frontage was altered in 1690 and 1850. Her theory is that it was a non domestic building at this time and may probably have been a School, similar in lay out to that of Jenners School in Crickslade. Could House have been similar to the Prebend House and built for the Steward to the Lisle family who had considerable property in Bradford at the time.
The building is situated at the tip of a wedge-shaped
plot bounded by Bridge Street and St Margaret's Street with steeply rising ground
towards the rear. It is above flood levels of the river Avon. Original Building
and land purchased by Henry Shrapnell Senior. A series of 1,000 year leases from
1690 to 1698 show that the ground was bounded by the line of St. Margaret's Hill
and could well have extended to St. Margaret's Place (Bush's Alley) as in 1850
they still own a number of cottages in the Square. Directly opposite was the large
Prebend House with an Estate owned by the Dean and Chapter of Bristol Cathedral
from lands given by Henry Viii in 1550.
The main range appears to
date from about the period 1600-1620. The evidence for this is the thickness of
the exterior walls, the carpentry of the roof which is all one build and the beam
stops. The roof is a type used with early gable dormers and these would be much
larger than the present dormers. The original plan seems to have been a kitchen
at the S end with a newel stair adjoining and a beam running N/S. Any further
original partitioning of the ground floor is not easy to determine and the remaining
beams run E/W without mortices in the soffits for studs. The large lateral stack
at the rear has been much altered over the years but it straddles the central
room and the N room (see reconstruction drawing). There were first floor and attic
rooms. There were no rear extensions.
1670 a deed refers to Henry Shrapnel the younger (died
1688). Say if he was 20 then, born 1650, father born at least 1630 (died 1680).
have already observed that great as were the privileges and exemptions of the
Abbess she was bound nevertheless to assist in some public works, and more especially
to provide a certain number of fighting men to attend the King, her chief Lord,
in his wars undertaken for the protection of his dominions. Agnes de Ferrar who
was Abbess from 1252 to 1267, and Juliana Bauceyn, her successor, were both called
upon for such help by Edward I. in his expeditions against Llewellyn, King of
Wales. To enable her to provide such help, the Abbess, like all other tenants
in chief, exacted from those who held a certain amount of land within the Manor
the same free service which the king exacted from her. The portions of land held
under such conditions were called Knights' Fees. The annual value of a knights'
fee in England was fixed at £20, and every estate supposed to be of this
value, or assessed at that amount, was bound to contribute the service of a soldier,
or to pay, in the stead of this, a proportionate amercement called Escuage. The
length of seryice demanded, or the amount of payment required, diminished with
the quantity of land. For half a knight's fee 20 days' service was due, for an
eighth part but 5 ; and when this was commuted for the pecuniary assessment above
alluded to, a similar proportion